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Note: Make sure you read the article about windows first!

The widget class is based on the window class. In addition to the window functionalities, it implements the following features:

  • Widgets have a text
  • Widgets can always redraw themselves
  • Widgets are able to accept user input such as from a touchscreen/toggle/dial/keyboard
  • Widgets can have their drawing routine overwritten to provide fancier versions of the object. For example, their are predefined drawing routines for round buttons, image buttons, arrow buttons etc. along with the normal button drawing routine.
  • Widgets support a "style". By changing the style you can affect the colors used to draw the widget similar to the way you can apply color schemes in Windows and Linux. See Widget Style.

API reference

The generic widget API reference can be found here.


If widgets are used, a default font and a default styling have to be set:

gwinSetDefaultFont(gdispOpenFont("DejaVu Sans 16"));   // Set default font
gwinSetDefaultStyle(&WhiteWidgetStyle, FALSE);         // Set default widget style

A widget will always use the current default font/style unless a font/style has been assigned explicitly using gwinSetFont() / gwinSetStyle().

Note that both fonts and styles can be changed during runtime.

Widget creation

Each widget provides a creation call with is named gwinXxxCreate() where Xxx is the name of the widget. The first parameter is either a pointer to a static widget object or NULL. If NULL, the object will be allocated dynamically from the heap. The second parameter is a pointer to a GWidgetInit struct. This struct contains all the attributes which are needed to create the widget (position, size, font, colors...):

typedef struct GWidgetInit {
    GWindowInit                g;			// The GWIN initializer
    const char*                text;			// The initial text
    CustomWidgetDrawFunction   customDraw;		// A custom draw function - use NULL for the standard
    void*                      customParam;		// A parameter for the custom draw function (default = NULL)
    const GWidgetStyle*        customStyle;		// A custom style to use - use NULL for the default style
} GWidgetInit;

As the widget class is based on the window class, the widget initialization structure contains a window initialization structure. See window creation to learn more about the window initialization structure.
Examples on how to use this struct correctly can be found on each widget documentation page.

gwinDestroy() can be used to destroy a window that is no longer needed.


Widgets become focusable when a keyboard is used (either a physical one through the GINPUT module or a virtual on-screen one using the keyboard widget. A widget in focus will receive the keyboard events. Focus can be changed by either directly clicking on the widget (eg. by using the touchscreen or a mouse) or by using the TAB key on the keyboard. Note that for code-size and performance reasons it's currently only possible to loop forward.

Most widgets come with default keyboard handlers. For example, the PushButton widget can be clicked by using the SPACE or RETURN key, lists can be scrolled using the arrow keys and so on.

Widget Style

The GWIN module provides a simple implementation of widget styles. The widget style allows to change the look of a widget. Currently the widget style is just a struct of different colors. However, for the future it would be possible to add additional parameters to the widget style. The widget style contains the same set of colors multiple times but for different states of the widget.

Note: If you need more control over how a widget is rendering have a look at Custom Rendering Interface.

The widget style struct looks like this (pseudo-code):

WidgetStyle {
	Widget background color
	Focus highlight border color
	// Colors for when the widget is enabled
		Text Color
		Edge Color
		Fill Color
		Progress Color
	// Colors for when the widget is disabled
		Text Color
		Edge Color
		Fill Color
		Progress Color
	// Colors for when the widget is pressed
		Text Color
		Edge Color
		Fill Color
		Progress Color

The real implementation of the widget styles looks like this:

 * @brief	The GColorSet structure
typedef struct GColorSet {
    color_t      text;         /* The text color */
    color_t      edge;         /* The edge color */
    color_t      fill;         /* The fill color */
    color_t      progress;     /* The color of progress bars */
} GColorSet;
 * @brief	The GWidgetStyle structure
 * @details	A GWidgetStyle is a set of colors that together form a "style".
 * 		These colors should not be confused with the GWindow foreground
 * 		and background colors which are used for drawing operations.
typedef struct GWidgetStyle {
    color_t      background;   /* The window background color */
    color_t      focus;        /* The color when a widget is focused */
    GColorSet    enabled;      /* The colors when enabled */
    GColorSet    disabled;     /* The colors when disabled */
    GColorSet    pressed;      /* The colors when pressed */
} GWidgetStyle;

Therefore, a widget style can be created like this:

const GWidgetStyle MyCustomStyle = {
	HTML2COLOR(0xFFFFFF),			// window background
	HTML2COLOR(0x2A8FCD),			// focused
	// enabled color set
		HTML2COLOR(0x000000),		// text
		HTML2COLOR(0x404040),		// edge
		HTML2COLOR(0xE0E0E0),		// fill
		HTML2COLOR(0x00E000)		// progress - active area
	// disabled color set
		HTML2COLOR(0xC0C0C0),		// text
		HTML2COLOR(0x808080),		// edge
		HTML2COLOR(0xE0E0E0),		// fill
		HTML2COLOR(0xC0E0C0)		// progress - active area
	// pressed color set
		HTML2COLOR(0x404040),		// text
		HTML2COLOR(0x404040),		// edge
		HTML2COLOR(0x808080),		// fill
		HTML2COLOR(0x00E000)		// progress - active area

Applying styles

A widget style can either be applied to an individual widget using gwinSetStyle() or it can be set as the default style for all widgets that did not receive a specific widget style using gwinSetDefaultStyle()

Built-In styles

GWIN comes with the following built-in widget styles:

  • WhiteWidgetStyle
  • BlackWidgetStyle


The text of a widget can be accessed through gwinSetText() and gwinGetText(). Additionally, gwinPrintg() is available which is a wrapper around printg() that allows setting the text of a widget using the common well known printf() syntax.

Custom render interface

Every widget provides a custom render interface. This simple and easy to use interface allows to overwrite the default rendering of the widget and render each widget as want. This is what you're looking for if you want to improve the look of your GUI. See Creating a custom rendering routine.


If GWIN_WIDGET_TAGS is set to TRUE in the configuration file, an additional parameter is added to the widget object: The widget tag. The widget tag is an uint16_t and it allows the user to give a widget a numeric ID. The tag can be accessed via gwinSetTag() and gwinGetTag(). Widget tags are useful to identify a widget without knowing its type.

Widget implementations

These are the currently implemented widgets: